With the increasing expansion of our railway transport activities in other European countries,we are also becoming subject to their local regulatory environment.
The EU Member States are obliged to implement the policies adopted by the railway packages into national law. Their implementation leeway is used by the Member States in different ways.
Regulatory conditions in the UK, France, Poland, Spain and Italy are particularly important for the DB Group. We provide extensive rail freight transport and passenger transport services in these countries via our own subsidiary companies.
The United Kingdom
The British rail network is operated by Network Rail Ltd. The Office of Rail and Road (ORR) serves as an independent regulatory authority and is responsible for monitoring the rail network. In addition, ORR also issues all categories of legal railway-related permits and safety certificates, as well as approving usage agreements and usage fees. So far the Channel Tunnel Intergovernmental Commission (IGC) was originally responsible for regulating railway operations in the Eurotunnel. The ORR and the French regulator L’Autorité de régulation des transports (ART) took over regulatory oversight starting from the 16th June 2015. Until the end of 2020, the rail law provisions of European law will still apply to Great Britain. How the relationship between the EU and Great Britain will develop from the beginning of 2021 is subject to the current negotiations for an agreement and is currently difficult to predict.
The rail network in France is operated by SNCF Réseau. Since December 2010, the ART is the independent regulatory authority responsible for monitoring non-discriminatory access to rail path and provision of corresponding usage rights. The Etablissement public de sécurité ferroviaire (EPSF) issues the safety certificates needed to operate a rail company in France.
The Polish rail network is operated by PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe S.A (PKP PLK). The PKP PLK is majority owned by the Polish state, the remaining property is heald by the Polish Railways PKP S.A.. As an independent regulatory authority Urzad Transportu Kolejowego (UTK) is responsible for the supervision of non-discriminatory access to rail networks as well as the issuing of railway regulatory approvals and safety certificates.
The Spanish rail network is operated by the Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF). The Regulatory Authority is the Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC). The "Agencia Estatal de Seguridad Ferroviaria" (AESF) located in the area of the Ministerio de Fomento,The Ministry is responsible for issuing legally required railway permits and safety certificates.
The Italian rail network is operated by the Rete Ferroviaria Italiana S.p.A. (RFI), a subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (FS). Since 2013 the newly established "Autorità di Regolazione dei Trasporti" acts as an independent regulatory agency and is primarily responsible for monitoring competition. The Agenzia Nazionale per la Sicurezza delle Ferrovie (ANSF) issues the safety certificates needed to operate a railway in Italy