Ronald Pofalla was born in Weeze, Germany, on May 15, 1959. After earning a degree in social pedagogy at Düsseldorf University of Applied Sciences, he studied law at the University of Cologne, passing the first state examination. He completed his legal clerkship at the Kleve regional court, passing the second state examination. He began practicing law in 1991.
Pofalla was a member of the German Bundestag from 1990 to 2014. He served as legal advisor to the parliamentary group of the Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union parties (CDU/CSU) from 2002 to 2004 and as Vice Chairman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group for economic and labor affairs from 2004 to 2005.
Pofalla was Secretary General of the CDU in Germany from 2005 to 2009 and was appointed Chief of Staff of the German Chancellery and Federal Minister for Special Affairs in 2009, a position he held until 2013. Pofalla joined Deutsche Bahn in 2015, serving as Chief Representative for Political and International Relations from January through July 2015. He was appointed Board Member for Economic, Legal and Regulatory Affairs in August 2015. Pofalla has served as Board Member for Infrastructure since January 1, 2017.